Dry skin is usually characterized with small pores, more visible lines, and is less elastic which accentuates these lines and wrinkles. It appears dull, especially on the cheeks and around the eyes. Dry skin can become itchy, irritated, or inflamed. It is normal for dry skin to be flaky, especially in the winter months.
Dry skin has damaged barrier function as it is not producing enough sebum. The barrier function is a complex of lipids in the top layer of the epidermis (think the outermost layer of the skin) which guards moisture and protects against dehydration and irritants. If the barrier function is impaired, it cannot provide that protection. Dry skin is usually dehydrated too.
Dry skin ranges from skin that is a little bit drier than normal - feels tight, brittle and rough and looks dull with low elasticity, through very dry skin – blotchy and rough, itchiness is also possible; it is also more sensitive to irritation, redness and the risk of infection; to extremely dry skin usually on certain parts of the body such as hands, feet, elbows and knees.
- Avoid over cleansing as this would further strip your skin of its protective barrier. Consider oil cleansing which can be finished with a warm, wet washcloth or why not even try Josh Rosberook’s dry oil cleansing with Herbal Infusion Oil? Oils and cleansing balms are wonderful at removing makeup, impurities without disturbing the skin.
- Toner or a facial mist is a must – spritz after cleansing and apply a moisturizer immediately thereafter. Facial mists deliver extra nutrients to the skin and the ones for dry skin are especially made with ingredients which attract and hold moisture to the skin such as hyaluronic acid and hydrosols.
- Apply moisturizer right after bathing or showering.
- Gentle exfoliation once or twice a week stimulates cell renewal the cell renewal cycle. It also removes dead cell buildup and improves the absorption of moisturizers.
- Layering products or adding a drop of oil to your cream or balm does wonders for dry skin.
- Use sun protection. UV rays not only ages but also dries the skin. You can use use moisturizers with SPF30 or you can apply sunscreen with SPF30 after you moisturize.
- Hydrating masks at least once a week, preferably after exfoliation, will leave your skin supple and glowy.
- Add a few drops of your favorite facial oil to your foundation for extra glow or try mixing your beauty balm with some powder foundation
- Include essential fatty acids in your diet. Dry skin needs essential fatty acids to protect the skin’s outer lipid layer, but make sure you are eating or cooking with the right fats.
- Make sure your diet contains fiber. Fiber flushes toxic chemicals from the body such as smoke, smog, stress hormones and other environmental factors that can cause dry skin.
- If you shave unwanted body hair, do this as last thing in the shower and use shaving oil instead of shaving foam (make sure you also use anti-slip mat under the shower as things get slippery)
- Use a humidifier or just put a bowl of water on the heating, especially in the winter months.